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Mouldings…it’s all in the details

While we craft bespoke joinery for all types of home, we specialise in period architectural joinery and that’s because of Bath. Since launching the company, Tom and James have dedicated their time to restoring and preserving the beautiful architecture of the city. It’s a place you can’t help marvel at and is one which has heavily influenced all of the makers at Bath Bespoke. So much so that everyone in the workshop was keen to share their knowledge for our recent blog on A short history of Bath’s architecture.

Period Architectural Joinery

Whenever we approach a new project, we look at how best to preserve the original architectural features. This involves our careful restoration service, where we restore the existing features, but may also involve us recreating original detailing from scratch.


Mouldings are the shaped strips of material fitted as decorative architectural features around your home. They include the skirting, the moulded frame around a doorway or window, aka architrave, and the cornices. Mouldings were very popular throughout the Georgian to Edwardian period, with each period adopting a distinctive style.

Georgian designs were largely influenced by classical styles. The designs were symmetrical with mouldings characterised by greater flat surface areas and heavier detailing. Designs were also influenced by lifestyle. In the Georgian period it was fashionable to leave the dining room chairs against the walls away from the table and so a wooden dado rail became popular to protect the walls from knocks. As during the Victorian era, the ornamental qualities of the mouldings diminished with the relative social importance of the room.

Victorian designs saw the breaking away from the traditional symmetrical lines and an emergence of intricate, daring styles with elaborate bold colours and designs. Door blocks became a noted feature and many of the larger Victorian homes incorporated highly decorative two and three piece skirtings.


Our restoration work at Cleveland House in Bath. The property dates back to 1820.

Edwardian designs followed the Victorian style of elaborate ornamentation in its early period. However, in the later part of the era, a more simplified masculine look prevailed. Typical characteristics are details with flat areas, with a greater simplicity. Profiles such as lambs tongue became increasing popular.

Contemporary designs are heavily simplified versions of their predecessors. Typical mouldings have simple angles and clean lines and are used to highlight sight lines rather than add ornamental detailing to a room.

Moulding Cutters

When it comes to recreating such detailing, the team use tools called moulding cutters. These cutters shape the wood in a particular way, enabling our guys to craft exact replicas of the original feature. It’s a delicate craft, but one that produces beautiful results.


A selection of our moulding cutters.

But we don’t just use our moulding cutters for architectural joinery. We use them to craft beautiful detailing on our cabinetry and furniture too.

Wooden flooring fitted in Bristol and Bath

While small, these cutters play a big role in our workshop. It’s all part of the process of restoring beautiful homes. Find out more about our joinery services here.

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